A first edition of one of the most influential books in Western medicine, De humani corporis fabrica (On the fabric of the human body) by the Flemish physician Andreas Vesalius, will be the highlight of a New York auction in March.
The book will be sold in Bonhams’ sale of the Medical and Scientific Library of W Bruce Fye with an estimated value of £220,000 to £380,000 on March 11.
Vesalius (1514-1564) was only 28, and a Professor at Padua University, when he published De humani corporis fabrica. It transformed the science of anatomy and the way it was taught, by applying the critical methods used by humanists.
- provided a fuller and more detailed description of the human anatomy than any of his predecessors
- corrected errors in the traditional anatomy teaching of Galen (the 2nd century Greek physician regarded as the father of medicine, and a major influence on Vesalius)
- asserted that the dissection of cadavers should be performed by physicians themselves
The book was published in Basel in 1543, with more than 600 pages of text and beautifully detailed engravings by artists from the workshop of Titian. It was originally owned by Vesalius’s great friend, the German physician Achilles Gasser.
Bonhams Director of Books and Manuscripts in New York, Ian Ehling, said, “De humani corporis fabrica is the cornerstone of the science of anatomy, and changed the way we looked at the world. The book itself, with its blend of scientific exposition, art and typography, is a pleasure to look at and hold, and the association with Achilles Gasser makes it even more desirable. I expect great interest from collectors and institutions.”
The sale of the Medical and Scientific Library of W. Bruce Fye comprises about 400 lots divided into four sections: Classics of Medicine; Johns Hopkins and the First Faculty; Early Medical Photography and Books and Manuscripts by important cardiologists. A further 400 lots will be sold in an online sale starting on March 12.
Highlights from the collection include:
- A letter signed by William Harvey (1578-1657), the royal physician to Charles I (estimate: $25,000-35,000)
- A very rare autograph manuscript of William Osler (1849-1919), a commentary on the remarkable knowledge of tuberculosis and its contagiousness (estimate: $6,000-8,000)
- First edition of Wilhelm Konrad Röntgen’s (1845-1923) first original communication of the discovery of the x-ray (estimate: $6,000-8,000)
- An autograph letter signed by Edward Jenner (1749-1823) to an unidentified correspondent expressing pleasure for a patient’s seeking a second opinion (estimate: $3,000-5,000)